Our History & Heritage

In London, on 24 November 1967, eight UK-based Business School graduates (who had studied at the top Ivy League universities in the US) decided to launch the Business Graduates Association (BGA). Its mission was to improve the quality and number of graduate Business Schools, encourage employers to recruit business graduates, and promote the importance of business education. 

The graduates understood that the future economy would require talented entrepreneurs and intrapranenurs to push for innovation, and this required a shift towards teaching the fundamental skills of finance, accounting, marketing, and management by universities.

Yet in the Business Schools of the 1970s, ‘business’ and ‘management’ were taught by separate departments. In 1971, the average UK business graduate salary was £3,213 – less than half that of US counterparts. European graduates earned an average £5,229. 

Realising the significant gap, BGA launched an accreditation programme to uphold high Business School standards. Alongside this the BGA produced its first Guide to Business Schools in 1972. By 1979 it was reviewing 80 institutions. Most were in the US but there were 14 institutions in Israel, South Africa, Hong Kong, Iran and Ireland.

By the 1980s, the MBA was considered the ‘flagship’ programme at Business Schools, and the BGA recognised the need for quality assurance across Europe. By the end of the 1980s, the organisation changed its name to Association of MBAs (AMBA), with a focus on accrediting MBA programmes at Business Schools. By 2017, AMBA had a community of 260 Business Schools with accredited MBA programmes, alongside 28,000 student and graduate members.

Over the course of 50 years, the business education industry has changed tremendously to meet employer demands, and while the MBA still plays an important role at Business Schools, they represent a small part of a Business School’s offering in today’s world. 

With employers increasingly asking for business graduates who possess a balance between hard and soft skills, innovative capabilities, and a mind-set geared towards being more socially responsible, the organisation decided to relaunch the BGA alongside AMBA, to focus on increasing Business Schools’ impact on students and communities, and play a more significant role in the professional and personal growth of students to produce a new generation of socially responsible leaders.

Timeline

1967

8 Ivy league Business School graduates return from the USA to form the Business Graduates Association, with a mission to promote Business education in the UK.

1967

In the same year, the organisation launches a membership platform for people who have studied at a Business School.

1968

The Business Graduates Association launches its first magazine and event for members.

1969

The Business Graduates Association appoints Vice-Admiral David Clutterbuck, as its first Director General. He played a pivotal role in raising awareness of the value of the MBA.

1970

Sir Paul Judge becomes involved in the BGA. With an MBA from Wharton Business School, Judge later became President (in 1997).

1972

The First guide book to Business Schools is published by the BGA for prospective students about MBA courses available in the UK.

1977

BGA starts to lobby for the MBA qualification in the UK.

1979

A report by Professor Charles Handy highlights the disparity between US and UK management education. The UK government introduces new guidelines that allow all universities to offer MBA’s.

1983

BGA establishes its accreditation programme in a bid to champion the MBA as a brand to ensure standards are maintained.

1987

The Company changes its name to the Association of MBA’s (AMBA), in recognition of the MBA’s importance and influence at Business Schools.

1990

AMBA begins to accredit distance learning MBA’s.

1997

AMBA accredits the first Business School in Scandinavia, Hanken School of Economics.

2000

Universidad del Cema Argentina becomes the first accredited Business School in Latin America.

2000

RANEPA’s Moscow School of Social and Economic Sciences becomes the first accredited School in Russia.

2002

AMBA expands into Africa, accrediting University of Stellenbosch Business School as its first African School.

2002

In the same year, University of Auckland in New Zealand becomes the first accredited School in Oceania.

2005

AMBA’s Group Membership Scheme is launched, meaning accredited Schools can give students access to AMBA’s global membership network and benefits. AMBA widens accreditation to Masters in Business and Management courses.

2006

Zhejiang University School of Management becomes the first Chinese institution to become accredited by the AMBA.

2009

AMBA hosts first Asia-Pacific Conference for Deans and Directors at the Antai College of Economics & Management in Shanghai.

2014

AMBA changes its membership model and AMBA membership reaches 5,000, culminating in the launch of the MBA World Community.

2016

AMBA’s thought-leadership magazine, AMBITION, is launched.

2017

The Company celebrates its 50th Anniversary in Dubai with 250 accredited Business Schools and 28,000 student & graduate members.

2019

Recognising the need for innovation in business education, the Company relaunches the Business Graduates Association alongside AMBA to cater to a larger portion of Business Schools.

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