Secondary stakeholders are critical for the implementation of sustainability programs in the supply chain. Especially when firms have no social capital within the community in which supply chain actors are embedded. Base of the pyramid (BoP) suppliers are critical for food supply chains. Smallholder farmers, which are usually below poverty line, in Latin America and Africa are key suppliers for global food supply chains.
Several firms set partnerships with NGOs to overcome transactions costs and deal with BoP suppliers, so focal firms in supply chains can ensure the flow of raw material in the long term.
The webinar will discuss the findings on how NGOs leverage their resources to reduce transaction costs and facilitate the incorporation of BoP suppliers into supply chains.